The trout belongs to the family of freshwater fish known as Salmonidae. As the name indicates, they are of the salmon family. The subfamily Salmoninae includes all fish that are called trout correctly.
However, this name is also used for fish from three genera of the sub-family. They are: Salmo (including the Atlantic species), Oncorhynchus (including the Pacific species), and Salvelinus.
This list includes fish that are called char or charr, such as brook trout. Successful fishing for brook trout requires detailed knowledge about trout behavior and typical environments.
You can find brook trout in cold moving rivers, streams, creeks and lakes in the Rocky Mountains. They are one of the most delicious fish in existence. The water they like is fast flowing with plenty of oxygen. It should also be pretty cool – around 60 degrees Fahrenheit. You will usually find this sort of environment in pools and streams that are spring fed.
At spawning time, you will find them is shallow, clean pools with gravelly bottoms. They are quite still, and you can find them hiding under rock overhangs, logs, and undercut banks. A mature and crafty brook trout will stay in deep water most of the time. They move into shallow water to eat.
Brook trout (brookies) are cold water fish. For this reason, they move slowly and live long. A brook trout can live up to 8 years. A long body with a large mouth that stretches past the eyes is an identifying characteristic of the brook trout. Trout can vary in coloration. They can be black, olive, or blue-gray dorsally. They usually have a silvery white belly.
It’s easy to identify a brook trout by its red dots with blue halos. There are two definite markings that indicate that a fish is a brook trout. One is a spotted dorsal fin. The other is “vermiculation” or worm-like markings on the back. Generally speaking, they have square tail fins. Occasionally, you might see one with a somewhat forked tail fin.
You can also identify them by looking at their pectoral fins. These are reddish orange with a black and white front edge. At breeding time (fall) the male brook trout will be bright orange-red along his sides.
If you want to fish successfully in fresh water, you must wade quietly and steadily. Don’t splash around and scare the fish off. First wade out into the middle of the creek. Cast your line back toward the shore. Don’t be concerned with shallow water, brook trout have great skill in hiding in small spaces.
You can fish from the shore; however, you can get to better fishing places by wading. No matter where you fish, be sure you can see the bottom and that you know the depth of the water.
A brook trout is a big eater, and they eat all kinds of things. For example, some successful baits are aquatic and terrestrial insects, zooplankton, worms, minnows, and crustaceans.
Many different lures and baits can be used when fishing for brook trout. Some examples are: wet and dry flies, worms, crickets, spooners and spinners.